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y ARCHIVES 

HAW yffiPSLw University 

BULLETIN 

Volume X DECEMBER, 1940 Number 2 

J^iamona lubLLzz 

SOUVENIR PROGRAM 

. SEVENTY- FIFTH 
ANNIVERSARY EXERCISES 




Held in 

THE RALEIGH MEMORIAL AUDITORIUM 

Raleigh, North Carolina 

November 24, 1940 



Entered as second-class matter January 25. 19S2, at the post office at Raleigh. North Carolina, 
under the Act of August 2U, 1912. 



'IN MEMORIAM" 



HENRY MARTIN TUPPER, D.D. 



FOUNDER 



President, 1S65-1S93 




"He counted not his life dear unto 
himself that he might lift God- 
icard his brother." 



Dedicatory Message 



A Diamond Jubilee is always an historic occasion but in the celebration of 
the 75th anniversary of the founding of Shaw University there is added sig- 
nificance, since the institution is the oldest Negro college in the State of North 
Carolina and the oldest Negro Baptist college in the world of continuous exist- 
ence as a single institution. 

This anniversary is dedicated to the memory of the revered founder, 
Henry Martin Tupper; to the unselfish benefactors of the early days, Elijah 
Shaw, Jacob Estey, Judson Wade Leonard, 0. H. Greenleaf, John D. Rocke- 
feller, Sr.; and to the great host of consecrated workers and loyal supporters 
of the program of the institution over the span of seventy-five years. 

The essence of this dedicatory statement may appropriately be explained in 
the words of Mrs. Tupper written shortly before her death: 

"To found an institution, the embodiment of noble spiritual ideals, which 
shall stand the test of time and be a blessing to future generations costs 
time, thought, care, patient waiting, labor and sacrifice. To realize the ideal, 
some one must put years of strength and power back of it. Shaw University 
might almost be said to be the living personality of Henry Martin Tupper. It 
represents an unconquerable courage, determination, perseverance and faith 
in God. It stands for truth, honor, integrity, loyalty, service. The ideals of 
Shaw are foundation stones in the physical, mental, moral, spiritual and so- 
cial upbuilding of the race. To build those ideals into the lives and char- 
acter of the young men and women who came under his influence, to open 
wider doors of opportunity and privilege and enable them to acquit themselves 
nobly in endeavor and in service, he gave his thought, his strength, his very 
life. The outworn body lies yonder, beneath that 'low, green tent whose cur- 
tain never outward swings' — his soul is marching on." 

Over ten thousand men and women have come to Shaw as the children 
of Israel to the land af Canaan. They have come to a promised land of in- 
tellectual emancipation. They have come, seekers of knowledge, to drink from 
the wells of intellect and character and service that spring up from a depth 
now of seventy-five years. Over this extended period students attending 
Shaw have been drinking from a fountain of rich personalities as typified in 
the earnest, religious and missionary service of the presidents and teachers of 
the white race, and in the courageous, devoted and energetic leadership of 
its presidents and teachers of the Negro race. 

Shaw University is an institution of traditional emphasis upon Christian 
character and culture; it is a school whose development is marked by sacri- 
fice and service. The graduates of Shaw University are worthy examples of 
the value of education to a race. Today the alumni are rendering service in 
twenty-nine states, the District of Columbia, the West Indies and Africa. 

With deep appreciation of the pioneering spirit of the founder, we go 
forth in like faith. The encouragement and support of the trustees, faculty, 
students, alumni, churches and friends have contributed to our present de- 
velopment. With continued faith in them and in God, we look forward to 
greater achievements. 

Robert Prentiss Daniel, 

President, 1936 — 



4 The Shaw University Bulletin 

Greetings from the President of the 
Board of Trustees 
Dr. Albert W. Beaven, President 
The Colgate-Rochester Divinity School 

The record of Shaw is so well known to all, and the contributions which 
the institution has made not only to the life of North Carolina, but to the 
cause of Negro education and leadership throughout the South, that we do not 
need to outline it, we simply need to rejoice in it. 

It is my hope and prayer that the years ahead shall see a constantly ex- 
panding service rendered, and I hope that the many friends of Shaw will be 
able to stimulate interest in her support and equipment. 



Greetings from Dr. Frank W. Padelford, 
Executive Secretary, Board of Education 
of the Northern Baptist Convention 

The Board of Education has learned with pleasure that Shaw University 
is celebrating its seventy-fifth anniversary. We are glad to send our hearty 
congratulations and hope that the occasion will bring you all the joy that the 
anniversary merits. We are proud of all that Shaw has done during these 
many years and we are glad to be linked up with you in the plans for the 
future. It is a great contribution that you have made in bringing culture and 
enlightenment to your race and to our nation and we hope that the splendid 
record of the past may be a promise of an even greater future. The future of 
our country lies in its schools. 



In Memory of 

Charles Francis Meserve, A.M., LL.D. 

President 1S94-1919 



Greetings from 

Mrs. William A. DeGroot 

Niece of Mr. Elijah Shaw 

You are thinking today of the founders of Shaw University, men of vision 
so many years ago. Mr. Elijah Shaw, my uncle, was one of those men. He 
rejoiced in his lifetime of the great achievements of Shaw; he rejoiced that 
men and women were graduating from year to year from this institution who 
would go into the world to be an honor to their country, their state and com- 
munity. During the last years of his life he lived three months of each year 



The Shaw University Bulletin 5 

in Raleigh to be near the university he loved so much. He could truly say 
then as you say now, "Beloved Shaw, Perennial Source of Service and of Life." 
May Shaw University prosper as the years roll on, under the superb leader- 
ship you have today. My best wishes for your success, happiness and pros- 
perity. May God bless you all. 



Greetings from 

Dr. Joseph Leishman Peacock, 

President, 1920-1931 

I am delighted to know that you are planning to celebrate the Seventy- 
fifth Anniversary of the Founding of Shaw University. 

I sincerely wish I could be present at the exercises. I know I should 
greatly enjoy them. As that is impossible, I am writing, in answer to your 
invitation for a message, to express my congratulations and best wishes and 
hope the occasion may prove a happy and memorable one. 

It is with much pleasure that I recall having come into personal contact 
with many of the early graduates of Shaw and to have learned from them 
something of the struggles and hardships connected with the founding and 
progress of the institution. 

No doubt loving tributes will be paid to Doctor Henry Martin Tupper. 
the founder of Shaw University. I should like to add mine with grateful ap- 
preciation of his stalwart character and abundant faith. His love for humanity 
enabled him to endure privation and trials far beyond our comprehension. 
His Arm trust in God and his abiding confidence in the ultimate victory of 
his undertaking to provide adequate Christian training for the colored race 
make him one of America's great heroes. His worthy achievements entitled 
him to an honored place in the roster of the nation's leading educators. Too 
much praise cannot be given him for his belief in the capacity of the colored 
people to measure up to the highest standards in education and usefulness in 
the nation's life of progress. 

I would also pay my loving tribute to Mrs. Tupper whose friendship I 
was privileged to enjoy for a few years. To her is due the same credit as 
Doctor Tupper. No finer example of a wife's devotion can be found. She 
stands alongside Ann Hazelton Judson in patience, endurance and faith. I 
am glad Mrs. Tupper lived to see her beloved husband's dreams come true. 
She was constantly thankful to God that she was permitted to witness the 
city and state espouse the cause of Negro education and to know that the 
hopes of Doctor Tupper for universal education by the State were fully realized. 

Shaw University owes a debt of deep gratitude to President Charles 
Francis Meserve for his twenty-six years of faithful and efficient service. 
While his service was not so spectacular as Doctor Tupper's, it was none the 
less notable. He added greatly to the physical plant and established educa- 
tional standards. He built well upon the foundation which had been laid by 
his predecessor, Doctor Tupper. 

It is needless to tell you that I am pleased to have had a share in the de- 
velopment of the institution. It was a great step in advance when we elimi- 
nated the secondary work and launched into a full-fledged college and to have 
it soon become the first Negro college in the State to receive the "A" rating. 



6 The Shaw University Bulletin 

I must say a word of praise concerning the devoted teachers, both white 
and colored, Shaw has had all through the years. There has been nothing 
nobler in Christian service than that given by the teachers of Shaw University. 
They have upheld the splendid traditions of the teaching profession. All, 
with few exceptions, have sought to implant in the minds of their students the 
exalted purpose of education. By precept and example they guided their 
pupils into the paths of righteousness and imbued them with Christian ideals. 
All honor to their memory! 

What a glorious history Shaw University has had! Many choice spirits 
have gone forth from Shaw to bless the nation and the world. With their 
trained talents they have held aloft the Shaw banner and demonstrated in 
every way the worth of Christian training. We honor them for having 
caught and transferred to others the high ideals they received at Shaw. The 
life of our nation has been enriched by their consecrated labors in their chosen 
fields. 

My earnest prayer is that under your great and efficient leadership, Doctor 
Daniel, and under the leadership of other presidents to come, Shaw University 
will continue to send out a steady stream of well-trained Christian young 
men and women who will bring even greater usefulness to the world and 
honor to their Alma Mater. 

Kindly convey my heartiest greetings to the trustees, faculty, and students 
of Shaw and assure them of my deepest love for the institution and my very 
best wishes for its continued success. 

May God's richest blessing rest upon you and your co-workers as you seek 
to lead the university into a larger service for all mankind. 



Greetings from 

Dr. William Stuart Nelson, 

President, 1931-1936 

It is with deep rejoicing that I send you and all the members of the Shaw 
family a word of greeting in connection with the Seventy-fifth Anniversary 
of the university's founding. 

As we look back over the seventy-five years of Shaw's history, we see 
clearly that the greatness of the institution lies preeminently in its spirit and 
the spirit of those whom it has touched. When we think of Shaw's founder, 
we do not ask about his wealth, or the breadth of his learning, or his social 
origins. Rather we are moved instantly and profoundly by what we see of the 
man's spirit. Whatever Shaw may be able to claim in terms of numbers, or 
property, or brilliance, the genius of the institution will always be found in its 
spirit. It will be, moreover, in the hearts of its alumni in town, in city, and 
at the crossroads that Shaw will live most genuinely. 

Few men there are who have lived across the span of Shaw's seventy-five 
years; but any who have dwelt within her precincts for a year or a day 
have surely been caught up by a subtle something which was not born in that 
year or that day but to which three quarters of a century of prayers, and 
tears, and laughter, and sacrifices have contributed. To all who have been 
touched by the spirit this day is a sacred day. For me it is a day of happy 
memory and of highest hopes for the years of Shaw's history that lie ahead. 



"%iii 









Is. 

f 

iff" 



g0 




Shaw Presidents 



Center — Dr. Henry Martin Tupper, 1865-1893. 
Upper Left — Dr. Robert P. Daniel, 1936 — 
Upper Right — Dr. William Stuart Nelson, 1931-1936. 
Lower Left — Dr. Joseph L. Peacock, 1920-1931. 
Lower Right— Dr. Charles F. Meserve, 1894-1919. 



The Sh\w University Bulletin 

Graduates of Shaw 

Among the graduates of Shaw University the following are included: 

A United States Minister to Liberia. 

A United States Minister to Santo Domingo. 

A United States Consul to Free Town, West Africa. 

A United States Consul to Guadaloupe, South America. 

A Representative in Congress. 

A Recorder of Deeds. 

Members of four State Legislatures (North Carolina, New York, New 
Jersey, and Rhode Island). 

An Assistant Tax Commissioner. 

One of the founders of a leading Negro insurance company. 

A Municipal Court Judge. 

A Commissioner in Chancery. 

A Juvenile Court Probation Officer. 

Approximately 5 lawyers (one-fourth of the lawyers now practicing 
in North Carolina are Shaw graduates). 

A State Supervisor of Public Welfare. 

A Supervisor of a State Institution for Delinquent Girls. 

A Community Center Executive. 

Several social case workers. 

Approximately 10 presidents of colleges and normal schools. 

Approximately 2 5 deans, professors and instructors in colleges. 

Two University Deans of Women. 

Member of the faculty of the City College of New York. 

Over 100 elementary and secondary school principals. (Principals of 
4 2 high schools in North Carolina are graduates of Shaw. One- 
fourth of the principals of accredited high schools in North Caro- 
lina are Shaw graduates. At least 14 private secondary schools 
were started by Shaw graduates before the development of public 
education.) 

Approximately 700 teachers in elementary and secondary schools. 

Six Jeanes supervisors. 

Members of two City Boards of Education. 



The Shaw University Bulletin 9 

Several librarians in colleges and high schools, including a registered 
medical record librarian. 

An Assistant County Coroner. 

A Police Surgeon. 

A Medical Officer in the U. S. Bureau of Pensions. 

Superintendent of a State Insane Asylum. 

Surgeon, United States Indian Reservation. 

Approximately 50 physicians, several of whom have private hospitals. 
Fifty-seven of the 141 physicians in North Carolina are Shaw 
graduates. 

Approximately 150 pharmacists. 

Approximately 50 dentists. 

Ten missionaries to Africa, including the first female missionary of 
the race to the Congo. 

Founder of the Lott Carey Foreign Missionary Convention. 

Executive Secretary of the Lott Carey Foreign Missionary Convention. 

A Y. M. C. A. Secretary in Africa. 

Five Y. M. C. A. secretaries in America. 

Three superintendents of orphanages. 

Two State District Supervisors in Home Economics. 

Forty teachers of Home Economics. 

A manufacturer of beauty preparations. 

A Methodist Bishop. 

Director of Religious Education, General Baptist Convention of N. C. 

Executive Secretary, Woman's Home and Foreign Missionary Convention 
of North Carolina. 

Several moderators of Baptist associations and innumerable pastors, 
preachers, and church workers. 



"Beloved Shaw, Perennial Source of Service and of Life" 



10 The Shaw University Bulletin 

Order of Service 

I. Academic Procession 

{Audience please stand) 

II. Hymn 

"GOD OF OUR FATHERS" 

God of our Fathers, whose Almighty hand 
Leads forth in beauty all the starry band 
Of shining worlds in splendor through the skies, 
Our grateful songs before Thy throne arise. 

Thy love divine hath led us in the past; 
In this free land by Thee our lot is cast; 
Be Thou our ruler, guardian, guide, and stay, 
Thy word our law, Thy paths our chosen way. 

III. Opening Prayer The Reverend Miles Mark Fisher 

Pastor, White Rock Baptist Church 
Durham, North Carolina 

IV. Music — Rejoice, Ye Christians, Loudly ... J. s. Bach 

The University Choral Society, Harry Gil-Smythe, Conductor 

V. Tribute on Behalf of the 

City of Raleigh Mayor Graham H. Andrews 

Presentation of the History of Shatv 

University, Diamond Jubilee Edition . Mr. Caulbert a. Jones 

Instructor in History 
Shaw University 

Tribute from the North Carolina 

Historical Commission Dr. C. C. Crittenden 

Executive Secretary 

VI. Music — The Day of Judgment a. Arkhangelsk 

The University Choral Society 

VII. Trustees' Tribute Mr. c. c Spaulding 

President, North Carolina 
Mutual Life Insurance Co 

Neighbor's Tribute Mr. Jonathan Daniels 

Editor, News and Observer 

VIII. Music — Plenty Good Room h. Smith 

Arr. for "The University Choral Society" by H. Gil-Smythe 



The Shaw University Bulletin 11 

IX. Diamond Jubilee Address . The honorable j. Melville Bkohghton 

Governor-Elect of North Carolina 
Trustee and General Counsel of Shaw University 

X. Music — Psalm 134 — An Exhortation to Bless God. 

A Song of Degrees Norm and 

Psalm 117 — An Exhortation to Praise God 

for His Mercy and Truth Lock-wood 

The University Choral Society 

XI. Tribute from the North Carolina Educational 

Institutions Dr. James E. Shepard, '94 

President, North Carolina College for Negroes 

Tribute from the General Alumni 

Association Dr. Max C. King, '11 

President 

Tribute from "The Estey Girls" Miss Leonora t. Jackson. '81 

Instructor, Fayetteville State Teachers College 

Tribute from the Baptists of 

North Carolina . . . The Reverend W. C. Somerville, '30 

Former General Secretary, General 
Baptist State Convention of North Carolina 

XII. Music — To the Spirit Of Music .... P. Rector Stephens 
The University Choral Society 

XIII. Diamond Jubilee Gifts 

XIV. Music — Praise Ye the Lord a. Randegger 

Mme, Louise Perrin, Soprano 
The University Choral Society 

XV. Closing Prayer 



12 The Shaw University Btixetin 

A Brief Sketch of the History of Shaw University 

[A volume entitled The History of Shaw University, Diamond Jubilee Edition 
has just been completed by Mr. Caulbert A. Jones, Instructor in History at Shaw 
University. Copies are expected from the press during January, 1941.] 

The American Baptist Home Mission Society organized in New York City 
in 1832 and incorporated in 1843, was instrumental in establishing many 
types of missionary training schools among the Southern colored people 
just after the Civil War. The officials of this society chose as their worker 
for Raleigh the Reverend Henry Martin Tupper, who had recently been 
honorably discharged from the Union Army. Having been interested in mis- 
sion work since a child, Dr. Tupper, accompanied by his wife, arrived in 
Raleigh on October 10, 1865 to begin teaching religion to the Negroes of 
a city which had been left bitter and poverty stricken by the recently 
fought Civil War. 

In spite of hostilities Dr. Tupper had succeeded in organizing a class 
of ministers by December 1, 18 65. This theological class was taught in the 
old Guion Hotel (where the State Museum now stands). Although this 
class was a little more than the teaching of the simplest type of reading 
and writing, this date marks the beginning of the present Shaw University. 

During the next year Dr. Tupper, with the aid of a few of his colored fol- 
lowers, built a two-story wooden church on the corner of Blount and 
Cabarrus Streets, upon a lot for which he paid his own savings. Mrs. Tupper 
aided by establishing a school for women. The whole project was at first 
financed with money secured from a night school taught by Dr. and Mrs. 
Tupper, and for which a charge of five cents per night was made of each 
student. This method did not prove satisfactory, however, and appeals for 
help were sent to northern friends. Among the first to respond were Andrew 
Porter, of Monson, Massachusetts, and Elijah Shaw of Wales. A few churches 
and Sunday Schools became interested and sent aid. 

The first ten years were filled with impediments, while the encourage- 
ments were few. But through his loyalty, devotion, and hard work Dr. 
Tupper was able to keep his flock together. The enrollment had increased 
so that by 18 70 the Baptist Home Mission Society decided to purchase a 
larger strip of land upon which to build another building. The present 
site of the campus was bought, and money was donated by Mr. Elijah Shaw 
of Wales, Mass., for the erection of Shaw Hall. This building was erected 
by Dr. Tupper and his students from bricks baked on the campus in 1870- 
1871. The institution then took the name of "Shaw Collegiate Institute." 

In 1S72 a Normal Class was begun. As early as 1870 young women at- 
tended some of the classes offered on the campus, but were forced to live 
off the campus. In the spring of 1872 President Tupper appealed again to 
his northern friends for aid "for these worthy women." Deacon Jacob 



The Shaw University Btlletin 13 

Estey and other friends gave large contributions for the erection of a girls' 
dormitory. As a result Estey Hall, the present women's dormitory, was 
erected in 1874 at a cost of approximately $25,000. 

The first real graduating class was sent out in 1878 and consisted of the 
following men: Henry C. Crosby, Plymouth; Ceasar Johnson, Raleigh; 
Nicholas Roberts, Raleigh; Ezekiel Smith, Fayetteville; Frederick Wilkins, 
Texas; and Louis Wyche, Williamsboro. Several of these men remained at 
the institution to aid Dr. Tupper. 

In 1879 Mr. O. H. Greenleaf gave a contribution towards the erection 
of Greenleaf Hall, the dining room and chapel. This meant that more 
class rooms were available, for by this time the four following departments 
had been begun: Normal, Collegiate, Scientific, and Theological. 

Although the odds seemed against him Dr. Tupper erected a medical 
dormitory in 1880, and began work toward a medical department. The 
Legislature of North Carolina made a gift of land upon which to erect the 
building proper; and the Leonard family contributed the money ($15,000) 
for the erection of this building in IS SI. Under the leadership of Dean 
James McKee, a physician of Raleigh, this department was able to over- 
come the obstacles and become a great success. A small hospital was 
built near the medical school. The medical course offered at Shaw was 
a four-year course the only compulsory four-year medical course for colored 
or white offered in the United States at that time. 

The Slater Fund began its yearly appropriations to Shaw in 1883-84, 
and continued them through 193 6-37. In 18 8 6 the first medical graduates 
were sent out. These men were such successes that the alumni and friends 
became more interested in this department and supported it wholeheartedly. 
A laundry was built in 1SS6. Though these yearly improvements were 
made they were made only with great sacrifices on the part of those in- 
terested in the school. In 189 the president's chair was endowed for 
$2 5,000 by John D. Rockefeller. The value of property of Shaw University 
was $150,000 at that time. 

In the midst of this great work Dr. Tupper died on November 12, 189 3, 
after having done all in his power to make Shaw University's progress and 
success real facts. Though his family and friends were not shocked at his 
death they sensed their loss and were greatly grieved on account of it. 
President Tupper was buried on the campus in front of Shaw Hall. 

Dr. Charles Francis Meserve, the second president of Shaw University, 
had before his acceptance of this position been connected with the cause of 
the American Indians. He began his duties at Shaw in March, 189 4. Dr. 
Meserve saw that this school could not exist without immediate financial 
aid, and therefore he began campaigns for this purpose. In 189 6 both 
Elijah Shaw and O. H. Greenleaf, firm friends of Shaw, died. 

Yearly improvements were made and in 189 7 Meserve Hall was built in 



14 The Shaw University Bulletin 

the place of "The Old Mansion" which had hitherto served as a home for the 
president. In this same year incandescent lights were put in the dining 
hall, in the chapel, and on the campus. In 1901 summer school was begun 
at Shaw. 

In 1912 a new hospital was built through the aid of the General Edu- 
cation Board. On account of the heavy financial obligations of the Medical 
Department the medical course was decreased to two years. This meant that 
the graduates of this department would have to finish work at either 
Howard University or Meharry College before they were eligible to take any 
state medical examination. In 191S the Board of Trustees upon the recom- 
mendation of President Meserve and an executive officer of the Baptist 
Home Mission Society decided that all of the professional departments con- 
nected with the school should be discontinued. During their history the 
various departments had sent out the following numbers of graduates: 
Medical Department, 438; Pharmacy Department, 131; Law Department, 43 
(all had successfully passed state board examinations). 

The closing of these professional departments caused much disturbance 
among the Negro Baptists of North Carolina and alumni of Shaw University. 
Many untrue and unkind things were said about the administration and much 
support that the University had previously received was stopped. On ac- 
count of these things President Meserve resigned his position in 1919 
after a service of 2 5 years. 

The third president of Shaw, Dr. Joseph Leishman Peacock, accepted a 
position which was already being questioned for a white man by many 
people. Little support and cooperation was given this administration 
during its beginning years for this reason. But good-will was soon secured 
as every effort was made by this new president to pay the debts of the 
University and procure sufficient equipment and teachers. 

In 19 21 the second story of the old Leonard Hospital was remodeled for 
the use of the Home Economics Department. The General Education Board 
continued its appropriations of $10,000 on the condition that the Univer- 
sity raise one-half of that amount. The campaigns for $5,000 were very 
tedious affairs, but in most cases they were successes. In 19 24, Science Hall 
was erected as a gift from the General Education Board. 

In 19 2 3 the college was given an "A" rating by the Board of Education 
of the State of North Carolina and in 19 26 the high school department was 
discontinued and all efforts were confined to college level. 

In 19 2 S an alumni athletic field was dedicated. The alumni had assumed 
the responsibility of its building and the cost was approximately $15,000. 
Because the administration was not able to build a gymnasium, the student 
body with the aid of the faculty was able to finance the renovation of Tupper 
Memorial Hall by taxing each student $1.00. This project, though very 



The Shaw University Bulletin 15 

expensive, served to create interest among the students in the athletic 
program of the school. 

In the history of every colored school begun under the administration of a 
white man there comes the critical time of agitation for race leadership. 
President Peacock resigned in 1931 feeling that the whole colored South 
felt that a Negro should be president of the University. Because of the wide 
difference of opinion on this matter, much of the support of the University 
was lost. 

Speaking broadly and in general terms, it may be said that at least three 
factors have been influences in the educational program of Shaw University 
from its beginning to the present time — the North, the South, and the 
Negro. Of these elements the Negro had generally been the outstanding 
beneficiary; at the same time he had made contributions. The election of 
a Negro president to Shaw made the Negro race responsible for its own 
education. The race thought it better, however, for the white friends to 
work with them rather than for them. Thus, the first Negro president of 
Shaw University was chosen in Dr. William Stuart Nelson, who came to Shaw 
in August of 19 31 to steer her through the most perilous voyage of her 
sixty-six years of existence. 

The University grounds, buildings, and equipment were in a run-down 
condition, but with the aid of the young and excellently trained faculty that 
Dr. Nelson brought with him, cooperation of the colored Baptists of North 
Carolina was secured, and many improvements were made. The student 
body morale was extremely low, but with his personality Dr. Nelson gave 
to them a spirit of loyalty and cooperation never before seen at the Uni- 
versity. The following improvements were among those listed at the end 
of his five years' work at Shaw: 

"Extensive repairs in Meserve, Estey, and Shaw Halls; general re- 
modeling and redecorating of the library; equipment for dining hall; 
redecorating of the University chapel, and numerous miscellaneous 
improvements." 

Improvements such as the following were given in the field of adminis- 
tration: 

"Institution of new marking system, organization of the college of 
arts and sciences into divisions of two years, introduction of both 
academic and personnel advisory systems, classification of student 
activities, and a review and modification of graduation requirements." 

Dr. Nelson resigned this position in 19 3 6 to become president of Dillard 
University in New Orleans, La. Though many improvements had been 
made during this administration there was still a large debt which caused 
much concern about the future of the school by virtue of his leaving. 

The second Negro president of Shaw University was Dr. Robert P. DanieL 



16 The Shaw University Bulletin 

He had a Ph.D. degree in education from Columbia University and came 
from Virginia Union University, a sister institution of Shaw. Thus he was 
not only well educated in the newest methods of education, but he was also 
well acquainted with the problems of a Baptist institution. The administra- 
tion of Dr. Daniel has been so effective and so widely discussed that its 
fame is growing daily in sections of this country which previously ignored 
the school's existence. 

Dr. Daniel began his work by arranging new administrative methods and 
teaching policies. At the same time he was very interested in paying off 
the debts of the school. To do this he has been able to secure again some 
of the support the University had lost in 1931, as well as the assistance 
of the Finance Committee of the American Baptist Home Mission Society. 
As a result Shaw now receives the income from an additional $2 9,500 in 
trust funds through the Northern Baptist Board of Education, and has 
received in the last four years grants from the General Education Board, 
the Home Mission Board of the Southern Baptist Convention, the Northern 
Baptist Board of Education and the Carnegie Corporation of New York. 

Each year during this administration some new renovation project has 
been undertaken — the complete renovation of Shaw Hall in 19 3 7-3 8, the 
complete renovation of Estey Hall in 19 3 8-3 9, the complete renovation of 
the library in 1939-40, the complete renovation of the home economics 
department and the gymnasium in 19 40, and contracts have just been 
placed for the construction of a home economics practice house and two 
faculty homes. These projects were in addition to the usual repair jobs 
done to the physical plant of the campus. During his administration $38,000 
have been spent in physical improvements. 

This administration became very popular and yearly more students have 
come to study at the University and more alumni were motivated to support 
their alma mater. The athletic program became vitalized with renewed in- 
terest in football, basketball, track and tennis. The session of 19 40-41 be- 
gan with an enrollment of 4 6S, the largest college enrollment in the his- 
tory of the school representing more states than in any previous year. 

The State-wide projects promoted under this administration were the 
District Ministers' Institutes, Annual Ministers' Institute, Annual Women's 
Leadership Training Conference, Young Peoples' Training Course, and Col- 
lege Students' Christian Conference. Since 19 3 8 Shaw University has re- 
ceived an annual appropriation of $50 from the Home Mission Board of 
the Southern Baptist Convention to assist in this program. 

With the close of the year of 19 3 9-4 President Daniel sent out the class 
which had entered with him four years previously. They were "wholly 
children of his making." He had proved that he was not only a successful 
administrator but also a firm educator. He had succeeded in bringing 
Shaw through her crisis and had made her future secure. He had remodeled 
a well-worn plant into a beautiful and comfortable one. Through his 
vision he is immortalizing an historic institution in the hearts of the nation. 

Caulbert A. Jones. 



The Shaw University Bulletin 17 



Did You Know . . . 



That Shaw University is the oldest Negro Baptist College in the world, 
of continuous existence as a single institution. 

That Shaw University was the first Negro College in the State of North 
Carolina. 

That more than 10,000 men and women have matriculated at Shaw 
University. 

That the file of active alumni shows graduates rendering service in 2 9 
states, the District of Columbia, the West Indies and Africa. 

That the presidents of five colleges in North Carolina attended Shaw 
University. 

That in the last ten years the alumni and friends have contributed 
$101,500.00. 

That bronze plaques have been installed on the doors in the dormitories 
in recognition of donations of $100 or more from 81 individuals, churches 
or associations. 

That the support of Shaw by alumni and friends is rapidly increasing. 
President Daniel reports that donations received last year were more than 
double the amount his first year, four years ago. 

That three Shaw graduates who recently died remembered the institu- 
tion in their wills. 

That during the past four years $38,000 have been spent for physical 
improvements. 

That the Board of Education of the Northern Baptist Convention and 
the Finance Committee of the American Baptist Home Mission Society are 
rendering valuable assistance financially and morally in the promotion of the 
present development program of Shaw University. 

That with the financial assistance of the Home Mission Board of the 
Southern Baptist Convention, the Department of Religious Promotion of 
Shaw University directs annually a Ministers' Institute, Women's Leader- 
ship Training Conference, College Students' Christian Conference, Young 
People's Leadership Training Course, and nine District Ministers' Institutes. 

That the enrollment this school year is the highest in the hstory of the 
institution, with the freshman class showing a 4 3 per cent increase over 
last year. 

That attractive copies of the words and music of the Shaw University 
Inspirationale, the official Marching Song, composed by Mr. J. Tim Brymn, 
are now available. 

That the History of Shaw University, Diamond Jubilee Edition, has 
just been completed by Mr. Caulbert A. Jones, instructor in history. Copies 
are expected from the press about January 1, 19 41. 



18 



The Shaw University Bulletin 



Honor Roll of Donors to Special Projects 

In appreciation of their liberal support, we are installing bronze plaques 
with the names of associations, churches, clubs, and individuals donating at 
least $100. We are pleased to report that to date contributions of $100 or 
more have been received from eighty-one groups and individuals. Our goal 
is ONE HUNDRED. 



GROUP I— ASSOCIATIONS 



Bear Creek Association 

Rev. A. A. Smith, Moderator 
Deep River Association 

Rev. 0. P. Foster, Moderator 
East Cedar Grove Association 

Rev. G. W. Thomas, Moderator 
Johnston Association 

Rev. J. W. Jones, Moderator 
Kenansville Eastern Association 

Rev. J. Mc. Newkirk, Moderator 
Lumber River Association 

Rev. W. C. Williamson, Moderator 
Middle District Association 

Rev. H. Peterson, Moderator 
Middle District Association 

Rev. W. H. Moore, Secretary 
Mountain and Catawba Association 

Rev. W. S. Sherrill, Moderator 
Neuse River Association 

Rev. T. V. Foster, Moderator 
New Hope Association 

Rev. W. M. Fuller, Moderator 
Old Eastern Association 

Rev. E. A. Taylor, Moderator 
Original Shiloh Association 

Rev. N. A. Cheek, Moderator 
Nash County Sunday School 
Convention 

Rev. G. S. Stokes, President 
Reedy Creek Association 

Rev. J. H. Clanton, Moderator 
Rowan Association 

Rev. J. T. Hairston, Moderator 
Wake Association 

Rev. G. S. Stokes, Moderator 



West Roanoke Association 

Rev. D. L. Simons, Moderator 
Zion Association 

Rev. J. W. Diggs, Moderator 
General Baptist State Convention of 
North Carolina 

Rev. J. T. Hairston, President 
Woman's Home and Foreign Mission- 
ary Convention of N. C. 

Mrs. Viola McMillan, President 
State Baptist S. S. Convention 

Mr. R. W. Brown, President 
Woman's Missionary Union 
Charlotte, N. C. 

Mrs. L. L. Walker, President 
Baptist Ministers' Conference 

Washington, D. C. 
Pennsylvania Baptist State Conven- 
tion 

Rev. C. C. Adams, President 
Warren Co. S. S. and B. Y. P. U. Con- 
vention 

Mr. J. B. Jordan, President 
Western N. C. S. S. Convention 

Mr. R. W. Browne, President 
Woman's Home and Foreign Mission- 
ary Convention in tribute to Mrs. 

A. L. Ransome 
Old Eastern Association 

Rev. N. F. Brooks, Moderator 
County Line Association 

Rev. D. P. Lewis, Moderator 
St. John Association 

Rev. C. J. Cooper, Moderator 
New Hope S. S. Convention 

Mr. James A. Allen, President 



GROUP II— CHURCHES 



Abyssinian Baptist Church 
New York, N. Y. 
Rev. A. Clayton Powell, Sr., Pastor 
Abyssinian Baptist Church 
New York, N. Y. 
Rev. A. Clayton Powell, Jr., Pastor 
Concord Baptist Church 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Rev. J. B. Adams, Pastor 
First Baptist Church 
High Point, N. C. 
Rev. F. R. Mason, Pastor 



First Baptist Church 

Winston-Salem, N. C. 
Rev. J. C. White, Pastor 
Mt. Zion Baptist Church 
Winston-Salem, N. C. 
Rev. R. L. File, Pastor 
New Ahoskie, Ahoskie 
Union Baptist, Tarboro 

Rev. R. H. Patterson, Pastor 
New Bethel Baptist Church 
Winston-Salem, N. C. 
Rev. J. C. Gilmore, Pastor 



The Shaw University Bulletin 



19 



New Zion Baptist Church 
Greensboro, N. C. 
Rev. P. B. Bynum, Pastor 
Pleasant Plains Baptist Church 
Winton, N. C. 
Rev. Moses Newsome, Pastor 
Shiloh Baptist Church 
Greensboro, N. C. 
Rev. J. T. Hairston, Pastor 
Shiloh Baptist Church 
Winston-Salem, N. C. 
Rev. R. M. Pitts, Pastor 
Summit Avenue Baptist Church 
Jersey City, N. J. 
Rev. Robert T. Craig, Pastor 
Third Baptist Church 
Washington, D. C. 
Rev. G. 0. Bullock, Pastor 



White Rock Baptist Church 
Durham, N. C. 
Rev. Miles Mark Fisher, Pastor 
Mt. Zion Baptist Church 
Rocky Mount, N. C. 
Rev. S. F. Daly, Pastor 
Nineteenth Street Baptist Church 
Washington, D. C. 
Rev. Walter H. Brooks, Pastor 
First Baptist Church 
Raleigh, N. C. 
Rev. 0. S. Bullock, Pastor 
First Baptist Church 
Oxford, N. C. 
Rev. George R. Yancey, Pastor 
Mt. Ararat Baptist Church 
Rutherford, N. J. 
Rev. Charles C. Currin, Pastor 



GROUP III— INDIVIDUALS 



S. M. G., Abbott, M.D., Pensacola, Fla. 
Mr. and Mrs. G. E. Cheek, Wise, N. C. 
David A. Lane, M.D. 

Washington, D. C. 
Mr. C. A. Marriott, Raleigh, N. C. 
Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Paisley 

Winston-Salem, N. C. 
Rev. and Mrs. W. C. Somerville, 

Raleigh, N. C. 
Mr. C. C. Spaulding, Durham, N. C. 
Rev. and Mrs. C. F. Pope, 

Burgaw, N. C. 
Albert A. Tennant, M.D. 

Richmond, Va. 
Lieut. Emanuel Kline, New York City 
R. S. Smith, M.D., Macon, Ga. 
Raymond Pace Alexander and Sadie 

Mossell Alexander, Philadelphia, Pa. 



W. Adrian Freeman, M.D., New York, 

N. Y.. in tribute to his mother, Mrs. 

Mary Frances Freeman 
Mrs. C. S. Moore, Durham, N. C. 
Herbert U. Seabrook, M.D. 

Charleston, S. C. 
Dr. and Mrs. L. E. McCauley 

Raleigh, N. C. 
Lieut. Emanuel Kline, New York City, 

in tribute to his mother, Mrs. Lydia 

Kline. 
President and Mrs. Robert P. Daniel 

Shaw University 
John A. Kenney. M.D., Newark, N. J. 
C. B. Codrington, M.D., Dunn, N. C. 
Mr. Aladine Robinson 

Winston-Salem, N. C. 



GROUP IV— CLUBS 



New York City Shaw Club 

Mr. Leslie A. Furlonge, President 
Hertford County Shaw Club 

Mr. R. W. Boley, President 
Estey Neighborhood Club 

Mrs. Julia A. Williams, Sponsor 
"Our Club" 



Women Teachers and Faculty 
Wives 1937 
"Our Club" 

Women Teachers and Faculty 
Wives 1940 
Varsity Club 

Shaw University 1940 



GROUP V— SPECIAL 



In Appreciation of the Generous Gifts 
of Dr. Robert B. Tyler, Washing- 
ton, D. C. 



In Tribute to the Support and Serv- 
ices of the late Dr. E. E. Smith, 
Trustee. (In appreciation of gen- 
erous donations by Mrs. E. E. 
Smith.) 



20 The Shaw University Bulletin 



Physical Improvements Since the 
Seventieth Anniversary 



Convention Hall (1936) $ 1,900.00 

Church donations covered this. Did your church help? 

Shaw Hall (1937) $ 8,900.00 

Did you help make this possible? 

Estey Hall (1938) $11,100.00 

How much did you contribute on this project? 

Library (1939) $ 6,100.00 

One alumnus alone gave $2,000 of this. What did you give? 

Kitchen and Dining Hall (1937-39) . $ 2,900.00 

Did you help with this? 

Heating Plant (1938-39) $ 1,000.00 

General Miscellaneous Improvements (1936-39) ... $ 5,105.00 

Donations of several made this possible. Were you one? 

Gymnasium Now in progress 

Home Economics Department Now in progress 

The institution now needs donations to cover the cost of renovating 
the gymnasium and home economics department, and to purchase additional 
reference books for the library. Will you help? 



WE SOLICIT A SPECIAL DIAMOND JUBILEE DONATION 

Shaw University desires to raise $7,500 as a special project 
of her seventy-fifth anniversary year. Contributions and pledges 
should be sent to President R. P. Daniel.